List of Crimes and Terms relating to Pre-Trial Release
Most counties offer Pretrial Release Services Program administered thru the
local jails and courts. A pretrial release program provides objective
assessments of criminal history and personal data for judicial proceedings on
all new arrestees in order to classify their public safety risk.
The Pretrial Release Services Program (PRSP) investigates the criminal history
and personal background of arrestees processed into a County or City Central
Booking or Intake Detention Center and presents this information at court
hearings. This program also supervises arrestees who have been released on
Jail - Pretrial Release Service Programs
List of Offenses relating to Pretrial Release
US Federal District Court Pretrial Services
Pretrial Release Service Program :
also known as PRSP or PTS. A Pre-trial release program or supervised release,
administered by the local city or county courts.
Released defendant :
Any defendant who was released from custody prior to the disposition of his or
her case by the court. Includes defendants who were detained for some period of
time before being released and defendants who were returned to custody after
being released because of a violation of the conditions of pretrial release.
Detained defendant :
Any defendant who remained in custody from the time of arrest until the
disposition of his or her case by the court.
Failure to appear :
A court issues a bench warrant for a defendant's arrest because he or she has
missed a scheduled court appearance.
Types of financial release
Full cash bond :
The defendant posts the full bail amount in cash with the court. If the
defendant makes all court appearances, the cash is returned. If the defendant
fails to appear in court, the bond is forfeited.
Deposit bond :
The defendant deposits a percentage (usually 10%) of the full bail amount with
the court. This percentage of the bail is returned after the disposition of the
case, but the court often retains a small portion for administrative costs. If
the defendant fails to appear in court, he or she is liable to the court for
the full amount of the bail.
Surety bond :
A bail bond company
signs a promissory note to the court for the full bail amount and charges the
defendant a fee for the service (usually 10% of the full bail amount). If the
defendant fails to appear, the bond company is liable to the court for the full
bail amount. Frequently the bond company requires the defendant to post
collateral in addition to the fee.
Property bond :
Also known as collateral bond, involves an agreement made by a defendant as a
condition of pretrial release requiring that property valued at the full bail
amount be posted as an assurance of his or her appearance in court. If the
defendant fails to appear in court, the property is forfeited.
Types of non-financial release
: The defendant pays no money to the court but is liable for the full amount of
bail should he or she fail to appear in court.
Release on recognizance :
The court releases the defendant on a signed agreement that he or she will
appear in court as required. This category also includes citation releases in
which arrestees are released pending their first court appearance on a written
order issued by law enforcement or jail personnel.
Conditional release :
Defendants are released under specified conditions. If monitoring or
supervision is required, this usually is done by a pretrial services agency. In
some cases, such as those involving a third-party custodian or drug monitoring
and treatment, another agency may be involved in the supervision of the
defendant. Conditional release sometimes includes an unsecured bond.
Other type of release
Emergency release :
Defendants are released in response to a court order placing limits on a jail's
Offense categories :
Felony offenses were classified into 16 categories. These were further divided
into the four major crime categories of violent, property, drug, and
public-order offenses. The following offense categories contain a
representative summary of most of the crimes contained in each category;
however, these lists are not meant to be exhaustive. All offenses, except
murder, include attempts and conspiracies to commit.
Includes homicide, non-negligent manslaughter, and voluntary homicide. Does not
include attempted murder (which is classified as felony assault), negligent
homicide, involuntary homicide, or vehicular manslaughter (which are classified
as "other violent offenses").
Includes forcible intercourse, sodomy, or penetration with a foreign object.
Does not include statutory rape or nonforcible acts with a minor or someone
unable to give legal consent, nonviolent sexual offenses, or commercialized sex
Includes the unlawful taking of anything of value by force or threat of force.
This classification includes armed, unarmed, and aggravated robbery,
car-jacking, armed burglary, and armed mugging.
Includes aggravated assault, aggravated battery, attempted murder, assault with
a deadly weapon, felony assault or battery on a law enforcement officer, and
other felony assaults. Does not include extortion, coercion, or intimidation.
Other violent offenses :
Includes vehicular manslaughter, involuntary manslaughter, negligent or
reckless homicide, nonviolent or nonforcible sexual assault, kidnaping,
unlawful imprisonment, child or spouse abuse, cruelty to a child, reckless
endangerment, hit and run with bodily injury, intimidation, and extortion.
Includes any type of entry into a residence, industry, or business with or
without the use of force with the intent to commit a felony or theft. Does not
include possession of burglary tools, trespassing, or unlawful entry where the
intent is not known.
Includes grand theft, grand larceny, and any other felony theft, including
burglary from an automobile, theft of rental property, and mail theft. Does not
include motor vehicle theft, receiving or buying stolen property, fraud,
forgery, or deceit.
Motor vehicle theft :
Includes auto theft, conversion of an automobile, receiving and transferring an
automobile, unauthorized use of a vehicle, possession of a stolen vehicle,
larceny or taking of an automobile.
Includes forging a driver's license, forging official seals, notes, money
orders, credit or access cards or names of such cards or any other documents
with fraudulent intent, uttering a forged instrument, counterfeiting, and
Includes possession and passing of worthless checks or money orders, possession
of false documents or identi- fication, embezzelment, obtaining money by false
pretenses, credit card fraud, welfare fraud, Medicare fraud, insurance claim
fraud, fraud, swindling, stealing a thing of value by deceit, larceny by check.
Other property offenses :
Includes receiving or buying stolen property, arson, reckless burning, damage
to property, criminal mischief, vandalism, criminal trespassing, possession of
burglary tools, and unlawful entry.
Drug trafficking :
Includes trafficking, sales, distribution, possession with intent to distribute
or sell, manufacturing, and smuggling of controlled substances. Does not
include possession of controlled substances.
Other drug offenses :
Includes possession of controlled substances, prescription violations,
possession of drug paraphernalia, and other drug law violations.
Includes the unlawful sale, distribution, manufacture, alteration,
transportation, possession, or use of a deadly weapon or accessory.
Includes driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol, driving with a
suspended or revoked license, or any other felony in the motor vehicle code.
Other public-order offenses :
Includes flight/escape, parole or probation violations, prison contraband,
habitual offender, obstruction of justice, rioting, libel, slander, treason,
perjury, prostitution, pandering, bribery, and tax law violations.
Pretrial was set up to help only those that cannot afford to post bail. If you
feel that you can pay your bail or have the collateral (own property) then it
is best to pay your bail in cash or thru a
bail bond company. Additionally, some states forbid a defendant from
being released on a Pretrial program if he or she is charge for a serious crime
or a crime of violence. See list of serious
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